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Irish Aid - Guidelines for NGO Professional Safety & Security Risk Management (2013) Irish Aid - Guidelines for NGO Professional Safety & Security Risk Management (2013)

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Date added: 08/14/2013
Date modified: 08/14/2013
Filesize: 204.54 kB
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“The guidelines presented here have been designed to help our NGO partners to fulfil their duty of care responsibilities towards their own staff, most especially through an enhanced implementation of their own existing governance processes and in view of their legal obligations as employers.

A conceptual shift in our overall approach to safety and security underlines the approach taken within the guidelines presented. Safety and security are not only an ethical and moral concern but are also an explicit legal obligation. This requires the recognition and acceptance of responsibility and accountability under the law, through a top-down approach driven by the organisation’s governing bodies. As a result, institutional policy should not be a condensed version of amalgamated field practices. Finally, the guidelines also emphasise the interdependence between efforts to deliver programme objectives effectively and the development of a safety-conscious and competent workforce to help achieve these objectives.

While voluntary in nature, the guidelines are presented as standards which reflect the desired level of professional conduct to be attained. They should not however be considered as minimum requirements but instead as an effort to provide organisations with guidance on how to reach a high level of professionalism when fulfilling their mission objectives. By choosing to adopt and implement the standards, organisations will be better able to demonstrate their commitment to meeting their legal duty of care obligations.”

ALNAP - The State of the Humanitarian System (2012) ALNAP - The State of the Humanitarian System (2012)

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Date added: 11/20/2012
Date modified: 11/22/2012
Filesize: 4.75 MB
Downloads: 5017

This report was launched by ALNAP in London on 4 July 2012. It presents a system-level mapping and analysis of the performance of international humanitarian assistance. The report looks at a wide range of key issues: growth in financial and human resources; funding; relevance/appropriateness; effectiveness and leadership; recipient state and local partners; efficiency and innovation; coherence and principles. It assembles comprehensive information: on the efforts of some 274’000 humanitarian workers, employed by the UN, the Red Cross/Red Crescent, and some 4,400 NGOs; and on total spending of $US 16bn a year to save lives and livelihoods.

 
It revisits the definition of what is understood by ‘international humanitarian system’ today. The report defines it as the network of national and international provider agencies, donors and host-government authorities that are functionally connected to each other in the humanitarian endeavour and that share common overarching goals, norms and principles. The system also includes actors that do not have humanitarian assistance as their central mission but play important humanitarian roles, such as military and private-sector entities.
 
The pilot report on the State of the Humanitarian System (SOHS) was published in 2010 and focused on the years 2007 and 2008. The present report includes descriptive statistics from the following two years, 2009 and 2010, and reviews performance assessments from 2009 to the end of 2011, comparing findings from the two periods.

The NATO Mission in Afghanistan Post-2014: The Transformation Decade (2012) The NATO Mission in Afghanistan Post-2014: The Transformation Decade (2012)

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Date added: 10/03/2012
Date modified: 10/03/2012
Filesize: 788.2 kB
Downloads: 3529

Pertinent also for the non-profit sector, this NATO Defense College Conference report (June 2012) provides many insights in the emerging future role of NATO in Afghanistan.  In short: “The end of ISAF will not mean the end of all conflict” and that “comprehensive reconciliation is unlikely”. The key question is “what do the Afghans want?”

Against this back ground the paper describes, in succinct sections, the various regional interests, prognosis and what needs to be done in Afghanistan itself, and the many ifs and buts attached to any successful continued support by NATO after withdrawal of combat troops. This may included a NATO Training Mission while the US is expected to continue Counter Terror operations outside the Alliance structure. “The U.S. mission in Afghanistan cannot be separated from operations and activities that may be required in Pakistan.”

Prognosis for the aid sector: “The withdrawal of ISAF and the closure of basis will have a significant impact on the freedom of movement and security of government and non-government organizations (NGOs) and civilian aid workers and their ability to provide technical assistance, especially outside Kabul.”

Understanding the tipping point of urban conflict: global policy report (2012) Understanding the tipping point of urban conflict: global policy report (2012)

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Date added: 08/27/2012
Date modified: 08/27/2012
Filesize: 286.53 kB
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The purpose of this Global Policy Report (Working Paper #7), written by Caroline Moser and Dennis Rodgers, is to provide general policy recommendations from the four city studies undertaken for the research project Understanding the Tipping Point of Urban Conflict: Violence, Cities, and Poverty Reduction in the Development World (UTP).

 

With urban violence increasingly recognised as a significant global phenomenon, the UTP project was grounded in recent debates relating to conflict and violence, arguing that while cities are inherently conflictual spaces, this conflict is generally managed peacefully through a range of social, cultural and political mechanisms. However, these can sometimes break down and lead to outbreaks of large-scale, chronic violence. The reasons as to why and when conflict tips over into generalised, overt violence in some cities and not in others are poorly understood.

 

Globally increasing levels of violence in cities, whether based on endemic gang, crime or drug-related violence, gender-based attacks, ethnic strife, terrorism, or outright warfare, make this a critical issue to consider, particularly as it is recognised that violence has implications not only for country and metropolitan level economic development, but also for the livelihoods and well-being of those poor households and communities who are often at the frontline of urban conflict.

International SOS - Gesundheit und Sicherheit bei internationalen Personaleinsätzen (2012) International SOS - Gesundheit und Sicherheit bei internationalen Personaleinsätzen (2012)

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Date added: 08/27/2012
Date modified: 08/27/2012
Filesize: 147.66 kB
Downloads: 1346

Im Zuge der Globalisierung erschließen international operierende Unternehmen immer neue Absatzmärkte in allen Regionen der Welt – selbst in den entlegensten Gebieten. Als Folge gibt es immer mehr internationale Geschäftsreisende, aber auch Angestellte („Expats“), die dauerhaft im Ausland leben und arbeiten – häufig auch gemeinsam mit ihrer Familie. Dabei gelangen Arbeitnehmer und ihre Angehörigen oft in Umgebungen, mit denen sie nicht vertraut sind und die erhöhte Risiken und Bedrohungen für Ihre Gesundheit, Sicherheit und ihr Wohlbefinden darstellen können.

Parallel zur globalen Ausweitung der Geschäftstätigkeit steigt auf Unternehmensseite auch die Sensibilität für die Gefahren und Risiken, die für das Personal mit dem Auslandsgeschäft verbunden sein können. Aus dem Bewusstsein, dass der Erfolg internationaler Operationen maßgeblich von der Gesundheit und Sicherheit des Personals abhängt, resultieren für Arbeitgeber neue Herausforderungen und Fragestellungen.

Die folgende Übersicht soll Unternehmen mit internationaler Geschäftstätigkeit als Überblick dienen, welche Maßnahmen empfehlenswert oder auch gesetzlich vorgeschrieben sind – hierzu werden unter anderem das deutsche und europäische Recht betrachtet, aber auch Vorschriften von Berufsverbänden und Empfehlungen beispielsweise der Deutschen Gesetzlichen Unfallversicherung.

ISS & ICRC - Urban violence and humanitarian challenges - 2012 ISS & ICRC - Urban violence and humanitarian challenges - 2012

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Date added: 06/25/2012
Date modified: 06/25/2012
Filesize: 1.03 MB
Downloads: 1549

 Institute for Security Studies (ISS) & International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) - Urban violence and humanitarian challenges - 2012

Urban violence and humanitarian challenges (15 June 2012) by Damien Helly – is the report of the second colloquium (19 January 2012) organised the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the EUISS examines the causes and humanitarian consequences of urban violence through two case studies exploring organised crime and gang violence in megacities and urban violence in the context of uprisings respectively. The two case studies focus on different types of violence affecting urban environments. The first case study examines pilot projects to address humanitarian needs arising from organised crime and gang violence in megacities; the second is an analysis of the humanitarian challenges emerging from urban violence in the context of uprisings, referring specifically to the lessons learned from the protests in the Arab world.

FDFA - Humanitarian Access: Handbook - 2012 FDFA - Humanitarian Access: Handbook - 2012

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Date added: 06/03/2012
Date modified: 06/03/2012
Filesize: 1.73 MB
Downloads: 1679

 Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) - Humanitarian Access: Handbook on the Normative Framework - 2012

 

In light of the challenges in securing and sustaining humanitarian access and the central role access plays in contributing to the protection of civilians, Switzerland launched an initiative in 2009 to develop two practical resources on humanitarian access in situa- tions of armed conflict: this Handbook on the normative framework on humanitarian access and an accompanying Field Manual.

The purpose of this Handbook is to lay out the existing normative framework regu- lating humanitarian access in situations of armed conflict. It is hoped that it serves as a useful reference source for humanitarian practitioners and therefore enhances better access to civilian populations in need. 

 

FDFA - Humanitarian Access, Field Manual - 2012 FDFA - Humanitarian Access, Field Manual - 2012

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Date added: 06/03/2012
Date modified: 06/03/2012
Filesize: 5.51 MB
Downloads: 1670

 Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) - Humanitarian Access: Field Manual - 2012

 

In light of the challenges in securing and sustaining humanitarian access and the central role access plays in contributing to the protection of civilians, Switzerland launched an initiative in 2009 to develop two practical resources on humanitarian access in situa- tions of armed conflict: this Field Manual on humanitarian access and an accompanying Handbook on the Normative Framework.  

This Field Manual provides a structured approach and practical guidance for humani- tarian practitioners on humanitarian access in situations of armed conflict. Even with this structured approach, humanitarian organizations will still face difficult choices on how to approach access. For this reason, the Field Manual includes guidance on how to work through the dilemmas of humanitarian access. 

 

 

DCAF - Schreier, Fred - Trends and Challenges in International Security, An Inventory DCAF - Schreier, Fred - Trends and Challenges in International Security, An Inventory

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 1.29 MB
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Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Schreier, Fred - Trends and Challenges in International Security, An Inventory

The objective of this first paper in the "Horizon 2015" series is to depict the overall environment in which SSR and SSG will have to be shaped in the years to come. It is an inventory of problems and challenges, not an answer to the question of how SSR and SSG will have to evolve as a result of these trends. That will be the subject of subsequent “Horizon 2015” studies. The study seeks merely to recall the overall background against which the issue of SSR and SSG must be discussed in the coming years. The volume’s job is, so to speak, to set the stage for further analysis to come within the “Horizon 2015” series.

DCAF - Schreier, Fred - Fighting the Pre-eminent Threats with Intelligence-led Operations DCAF - Schreier, Fred - Fighting the Pre-eminent Threats with Intelligence-led Operations

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 1.03 MB
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Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Schreier, Fred - Fighting the Pre-eminent Threats with Intelligence-led Operations

This paper discusses the role of intelligence, intelligence services and intelligence-led operations as crucial components of the efforts to counter the new risks,dangers and threats to states and their population. These risks include the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and the threats posed by non-state actors such as transnational terrorism and in particular transnational organised crime (TOC).

DCAF - Mobekk, Eirin - Identifying Lessons in United Nations International Policing Missions - 2005 DCAF - Mobekk, Eirin - Identifying Lessons in United Nations International Policing Missions - 2005

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 398.95 kB
Downloads: 1241

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Mobekk, Eirin - Identifying Lessons in United Nations International Policing Missions - 2005

This paper gives an introduction to international policing operations and its key issues. It discusses the crucial challenges that face all international civilian police missions in United Nations peace operations, as well as the lessons learned and identified in the past decades of international policing. The challenges examined in this paper include addressing the security gap, applying an integrated approach to police, penal and judicial reform, all while paying heed to local justice mechanisms.

DCAF - Buzatu and Buckland - PMSCs, Future Challenges in Security Governance DCAF - Buzatu and Buckland - PMSCs, Future Challenges in Security Governance

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 425.27 kB
Downloads: 2087

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Buzatu and Buckland - PMSCs, Future Challenges in Security Governance

This paper will take a look at future trends in the international private security sector, beginning with an overview of some of the emerging private threats impacting the security sector today. This will be followed by a brief analysis of some of the challenges and opportunities posed by these actors to the security sector today and beyond. Finally, the paper will finish with some recommendations for responses to these challenges.

DCAF - Branović, Željko - The Privatisation of Security in Failing States- A Quantitative Assessment DCAF - Branović, Željko - The Privatisation of Security in Failing States- A Quantitative Assessment

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
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Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Branović, Željko - The Privatisation of Security in Failing States- A Quantitative Assessment

This paper aims to present statistical findings on the use of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in failing states. It utilises data from the Private Security Database that account for instances of military outsourcing by public actors (governments and international organisations) in failing states in the period 1990–2007. The paper raises three interlinked questions: To what extend is private security a common feature in countries that face episodes of state failure? Under which conditions are PMSCs present in countries with weak or failing governments? And what kind of effect do PMSCs have on political instability in general?

 

DCAF - Born, et. al. - Regulating Private Security in Europe- Status and Prospects DCAF - Born, et. al. - Regulating Private Security in Europe- Status and Prospects

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 423.22 kB
Downloads: 1168

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Born, et. al. - Regulating Private Security in Europe- Status and Prospects

This paper examines the various aspects of private security taking into account the broad scope of their activities, and the necessity of examining the posivite contributions as well as questions of minimal standards and need for adequate oversight and public control over these services. This study, mandated and recieving support from the Council of Europe (CoE) focuses on the rapidly expanding field of private security in CoE member States.

DCAF - Bailes et. al. - Revisiting the State Monopoly on the Legitimate Use of Force DCAF - Bailes et. al. - Revisiting the State Monopoly on the Legitimate Use of Force

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 379.54 kB
Downloads: 1120

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Bailes et. al. - Revisiting the State Monopoly on the Legitimate Use of Force

This publication is directly linked to DCAF's contribution to the 7th International Security Forum (ISF) held in Zurich in 2006 where a DCAF-organised workshop assessed the implications of the erosion of the state’s monopoly on the legitimate use of force – a trend witnessed increasingly in recent decades. This paper, which draws on the ISF conference contributions of three noted experts, discusses two key manifestations of this trend – private sector and armed nonstate actors’ involvement in the realm of security – and explores the possibilities and constraints of reconstructing the public monopoly of legitimate force.

DCAF - Armed Non-State Actors- Current Trends & Future Challenges DCAF - Armed Non-State Actors- Current Trends & Future Challenges

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 435.94 kB
Downloads: 1264

 Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Armed Non-State Actors- Current Trends & Future Challenges

This paper focuses on a different kind of non-state or ‘private’ security actor: armed non-state actors (NSAs). Like their legitimate ‘cousins,’ these actors form complex security governance networks to fight threats, provide services, and guarantee their own survival, while operating largely in the illegitimate sphere. The first part of the paper analyses one type of NSAs: armed opposition groups. These groups generally operate within situations of armed conflict. The second part looks at other types of (illegal) NSAs that operate also in non-conflict situations, such as crime groups, youth gangs, and militias and vigilantes. The paper thus considers both the destructive and protective potentials of these units as security actors and suggests some ways forward.

EISF - Engaging Private Security Providers - 2011 EISF - Engaging Private Security Providers - 2011

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 1.45 MB
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European Interagency Secuirty Forum (EISF) - Engaging Private Security Providers - 2011

Over the past decade humanitarian agencies have increasingly made use of Private Security Providers (PSPs) to support their security requirements. This briefing paper provides guidelines that offer an approach for assessing the viability of involvement of PSPs by NGOs. The paper covers ‘soft services’ such as training and crisis management support, as well as ‘hard services’ such as (armed) guarding and bomb tracing and destruction. The guidelines are intended to be used by humanitarian NGOs at management level and by those that are involved in the provision of security at headquarters, country and field level.

EISF - Engager les services d’Entreprises de sécurité privées - 2011 EISF - Engager les services d’Entreprises de sécurité privées - 2011

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
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 European Interagency Security Forum (EISF) - Engager les services d’Entreprises de sécurité privées - 2011

Ces orientations ont pour objet d’aider les ONG humanitaires à prendre une décision en connaissance de cause sur quand, comment et dans quelles conditions, recourir aux services d’une ESP. Ces orientations sont destinées aux responsables opérationnels des ONG au niveau du siège et du terrain. Ces orientations ne couvrent pas uniquement  des activités de surveillance ou de protection armées, mais peuvent être appliquées à une gamme plus étendue de services assurés par les ESP.

DCAF - Schreier, Fred - On Cyberwarfare DCAF - Schreier, Fred - On Cyberwarfare

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Date added: 04/23/2012
Date modified: 04/23/2012
Filesize: 1.3 MB
Downloads: 8319

 Geneve Centre on the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF) - Schreier, Fred - On Cyberwarfare

The digital world has brought about a new type of clear and present danger: cyberwar. Since information technology and the internet have developed to such an extent that they have become a major element of national power, cyberwar has become the drumbeat of the day as nation-states are arming themselves for the cyber battlespace. Many states are not only conducting cyber espionage, cyber reconnaissance and probing missions; they are creating offensive cyberwar capabilities, developing national strategies, and engaging in cyber attacks with alarming frequency. The aim of this paper is to examine broad cyberwarfare issues: what cyberwar means, what it entails, and whether threats can deter it or defense can mitigate its effects.

Thomas - Identity and Ownership in Government Contracting - 2011 Thomas - Identity and Ownership in Government Contracting - 2011

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Date added: 04/21/2012
Date modified: 05/21/2012
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Thomas - Identity and Ownership in Government Contracting - 2011

As the volume of government contracting increases, so does the importance of monitoring government contractors to guard against market concentration, rent seeking and conflict of interest. Doing so, however, is impossible without knowing the identity and organizational structure of contractors. At present the government does not collect information on organizational structure. Using STATA to analyze data from a new government database, this paper takes a first look at contractor organizational structure. The complexity of the structures makes clear that better data are needed if the government and the public are to be able to hold contractors accountable.

The paper can be accessed at: www.usgcontractors.info

OECD - L’engagement international dans les États fragiles - 2011 OECD - L’engagement international dans les États fragiles - 2011

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Date added: 04/19/2012
Date modified: 04/19/2012
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Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) - L’engagement international dans les États fragiles - 2011

Le principal message de ce rapport est qu’un écart important persiste toujours entre les politiques de développement et la pratique. Les résultats de cette enquête incitent les partenaires au développement à concentrer leur attention sur les résultats et l'efficacité de l’aide et plus particulièrement sur les changements de paradigmes et organisationnels nécessaires pour atteindre de meilleurs résultats.

Oxfam - The Right to Survive - 2009 Oxfam - The Right to Survive - 2009

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Date added: 04/19/2012
Date modified: 04/19/2012
Filesize: 2.22 MB
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 Oxfam - The Right to Survive: The humanitarian challenge for the twenty-first century - 2009

This report asks what can realistically be done to help those affected by the vast and seemingly overwhelming forces of climate change, population growth, displacement, and vulnerability. It will demonstrate that the necessary skills, knowledge, and financial resources can be mobilised to radically reduce the numbers of people who will die or be made destitute by catastrophes. But for this to happen, all parties - governments, the UN, civil-society organisations, and ordinary citizens - must acknowledge and respond to the growing threat. Whether or not there is sufficient will to do this will be one of the defining features of our age, and will dictate whether millions live or die.

Oxfam - Les crises dans un nouvel ordre mondial (French) - 2012 Oxfam - Les crises dans un nouvel ordre mondial (French) - 2012

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 457.78 kB
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Oxfam - Les crises dans un nouvel ordre mondial (French) - 2012

In this report Oxfam asserts that while governments’ and agencies’ response to emergencies has greatly improved, it still remains ‘too little, too late’ and is often determined by the vagaries of media and political interest rather than level of human need. Western-based donors, INGOs and the UN provide only part of the answer to resolving these issues. Already, new donors and NGOs from around the world provide a significant share of humanitarian aid. Future humanitarian action will rely on them, and on the governments and civil society of crisis-affected countries even more. This report is written in French; it is also available in English in the SMI resoure centre. 

Oxfam - Crises in a New World Order (English) - 2012 Oxfam - Crises in a New World Order (English) - 2012

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
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 Oxfam - Crises in a New World Order (English) - 2012

In this report Oxfam asserts that while governments’ and agencies’ response to emergencies has greatly improved, it still remains ‘too little, too late’ and is often determined by the vagaries of media and political interest rather than level of human need. Western-based donors, INGOs and the UN provide only part of the answer to resolving these issues. Already, new donors and NGOs from around the world provide a significant share of humanitarian aid. Future humanitarian action will rely on them, and on the governments and civil society of crisis-affected countries even more.

OECD - The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005) & Accra Agenda for Action (2008) OECD - The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005) & Accra Agenda for Action (2008)

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 316.96 kB
Downloads: 1039

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) - The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005) & Accra Agenda for Action (2008)

 

The Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action are founded on five core principles, born out of decades of experience of what works for development, and what doesn't. These principles have gained support across the development community, changing aid practice for the better: It is now the norm for aid recipients to forge their own national development strategies with their parliaments and electorates (ownership); for donors to support these strategies (alignment) and work to streamline their efforts in-country (harmonisation); for development policies to be directed to achieving clear goals and for progress towards these goals to be monitored (results); and for donors and recipients alike to be jointly responsible for achieving these goals (mutual accountability).

 

HPN no. 70 - Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency space - 2011 HPN no. 70 - Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency space - 2011

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
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Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN) no. 70 - Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency space: Current practice and ways forward - 2011

 

This Network Paper maps the current state of conflict-sensitive practice in emergencies, identifying good practice which can be built upon, key gaps and ways to integrate conflict sensitivity more strategically across the emergency programme cycle. 

 

HPG - Harvey, Paul - Towards good humanitarian government - 2009 HPG - Harvey, Paul - Towards good humanitarian government - 2009

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
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Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) Policy Brief 37 - Harvey, Paul - Towards good humanitarian government: The role of the affected state in disaster response - 2009

The main points of this brief include: One of the goals of international humanitarian actors should always be to encourage and support states to fulfil their responsibilities to assist and protect their own citizens in times of disaster; too often, aid agencies have neglected the central role of the state, and neutrality and independence have been taken as shorthand for disengagement from state structures, rather than as necessitating principled engagement with them; States should invest their own resources in assisting and protecting their citizens in disasters, both because it is the humane thing to do and because it can be politically popular and economically effective. 

Global Network - Views from the Frontline, If we do not join hands… - 2011 Global Network - Views from the Frontline, If we do not join hands… - 2011

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Date added: 04/18/2012
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 Global Network of Civil Society Organisations for Disaster Reduction (GNDR) - Views from the Front Line (VFL), If we do not join hands… - 2011

VFL 2011 is the second study in an ongoing research and learning programme that collects and shares views about progress in reducing the risk of disasters at the frontline – where those most vulnerable live and work. 7,000 people from 48 countries took part in the first set of research, VFL 2009, which showed that progress in establishing national policies and legislation had not generated widespread changes in local practices. A supportive government culture, open to the formation of local partnerships, was seen as the single most important factor to accelerating implementation of risk reduction policies at a local level. So the focus for VFL 2011 has been local risk governance – what’s working and what needs to improve?

 

GHA - Report 2011 GHA - Report 2011

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 5.63 MB
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Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) - Report 2011

The GHA Report 2011 provides the latest and most comprehensive picture of global humanitarian financing within the context of conflict, environmental degradation, natural disasters, etc. The world of humanitarian funding is broken down in the report to provide information on where the money comes from, where it goes, and how it gets there, presenting data and analysis on the top donors and top recipients, delivery agencies and financing mechanisms, and extending to contributions by the military, domestic response and more.

 

Forced Migration Review - Security at Work - 1999 Forced Migration Review - Security at Work - 1999

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Forced Migration Review (FMR) - Security at Work - 1999

"This issue presents Part I of our feature on security, with a particular emphasis on the security of aid personnel. Part II, in issue 5 (August 1999), will broaden the debate to discuss issues of international relations, drawing on Kosovo as a case study."

DARA - Humanitarian Response Index - 2011 DARA - Humanitarian Response Index - 2011

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 7.18 MB
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DARA - Humanitarian Response Index: Addressing the Gender Problem - 2011

 

In the HRI 2011 report, DARA has gathered and analysed data regarding the way in which donor governments address gender in their policies and funding, and provide field actors’ perspectives of donor commitment to gender. They hope the report makes a modest contribution to a growing body of evidence on the critical importance of gender sensitive approaches in all aspects of humanitarian action.This body of work points to the need to scale up efforts to ensure gender sensitive approaches are integrated into all aspects of humanitarian action. 

 

ELRHA - Annex 3, Database of Humanitarian Training Currently Available ELRHA - Annex 3, Database of Humanitarian Training Currently Available

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 407.85 kB
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Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance  (ELRHA) - Annex 3, Database of Humanitarian Training Currently Available

 

Annex 3 providing links to Humanitarian Training programmes available. Pulled from a study that explores the nature of professionalism today. It sets out key recommendations which, if implemented, could increase accountability, raise the quality and consistency of humanitarian service, open up the profession to talented new recruits, and raise the status of the humanitarian service provider to a level on a par with other professional groups. 

ELRHA - Annex 4, Database of Masters Degree Programmes ELRHA - Annex 4, Database of Masters Degree Programmes

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 126.92 kB
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 Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance  (ELRHA) - Annex 4, Database of Masters Degree Programmes

Annex 4 providing links to Graduate Degree Programs in the field of humanitarian work. Pulled from a study that explores the nature of professionalism today. It sets out key recommendations which, if implemented, could increase accountability, raise the quality and consistency of humanitarian service, open up the profession to talented new recruits, and raise the status of the humanitarian service provider to a level on a par with other professional groups. 

ELRHA - Professionalising the humanitarian sector - 2010 ELRHA - Professionalising the humanitarian sector - 2010

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Date added: 04/18/2012
Date modified: 04/18/2012
Filesize: 3.46 MB
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Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance (ELRHA) - Professionalising the humanitarian sector - 2010

This study, commissioned by the UK’s ELRHA project and carried out by the Feinstein International Center in collaboration with RedR, comes after a decade in which the humanitarian enterprise has sought to develop global standards, codes and representative bodies, and amid increasing momentum for creating a global system for professional development, accreditation and association. The study explores the nature of professionalism today and sets out key recommendations which, if implemented, could increase accountability, raise the quality and consistency of humanitarian service, open up the profession to talented new recruits, and raise the status of the humanitarian service provider to a level on a par with other professional groups. 

CAP - It All Starts with Training - 2011 CAP - It All Starts with Training - 2011

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 Center for American Progress - Noriss; Long; Margon; Abramowitz - It All Starts with Training: Crisis Prevention and US Foreign Affairs Agencies - 2011

 

This paper looks at current conflict prevention training in foreign affairs agencies and how this training can be improved. It explains why crisis prevention training for officials at the State Department and USAID needs to be improved, evaluates the institutional changes in crisis training arising from the QDDR and other official reviews, and makes a number of practical recommendations to strengthen this training going forward amid an era of increasing federal budget austerity. It also explores the stark differences between how training is approached in the U.S. military as opposed to the civilian foreign affairs agencies, and looks at the competing conflict assessment models among the civilian agencies themselves. 

 

 

HD - Slim, Hugo - With or Against? Humanitarian agencies and coalition counter-insurgency - 2004 HD - Slim, Hugo - With or Against? Humanitarian agencies and coalition counter-insurgency - 2004

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 HD - Slim, Hugo - With or Against? Humanitarian agencies and coalition counter-insurgency - 2004

 

Do humanitarian agencies and Coalition forces in Iraq and Afghanistan share some of the same moral goals and employ the same means to these ends? This is a serious question today and one which has been forced upon humanitarians by each of the warring parties who both describe UN agencies and NGOs as ‘collaborators’ - albeit with rather different meanings. Coalition authorities have welcomed humanitarians positively as partners while resistance groups have killed humanitarians as treacherous agents of the enemy.

 

For more of Hugo Slim's publications, visit his website.

 

HD - Slim, Hugo - Marketing Humanitarian Space-Argument and method in humanitarian persuasion - 2003 HD - Slim, Hugo - Marketing Humanitarian Space-Argument and method in humanitarian persuasion - 2003

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 HD - Slim, Hugo - Marketing Humanitarian Space-Argument and method in humanitarian persuasion - 2003

 

The purpose of this paper is to draw a comparison between the practice of marketing and the practice of humanitarian persuasion.  In doing so, it has two main objectives.  First, it examines the main kinds of arguments that humanitarians can use as they promote and negotiate humanitarian space. Secondly, it draws on marketing practice to set out some key principles and methods of humanitarian persuasion.  

For more of Hugo Slim's publications, visit his website.

 

 

HD - Slim, Hugo - Marketing Humanitarian Space-Argument and method in humanitarian persuasion - 2003 HD - Slim, Hugo - Marketing Humanitarian Space-Argument and method in humanitarian persuasion - 2003

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 HD - Slim, Hugo - Marketing Humanitarian Space-Argument and method in humanitarian persuasion - 2003

The purpose of this paper is to draw a comparison between the practice of marketing and the practice of humanitarian persuasion.  In doing so, it has two main objectives.  First, it examines the main kinds of arguments that humanitarians can use as they promote and negotiate humanitarian space. Secondly, it draws on marketing practice to set out some key principles and methods of humanitarian persuasion.  

For more of Hugo Slim's publications, visit his website.

 

 

Slim, Hugo - Claiming a Humanitarian Imperative-NGOs and the cultivation of humanitarian day Slim, Hugo - Claiming a Humanitarian Imperative-NGOs and the cultivation of humanitarian day

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Slim, Hugo - Claiming a Humanitarian Imperative-NGOs and the cultivation of humanitarian day

 

Analysis of the causes of contemporary armed conflicts, and of urgent policymaking around international response to them, has led to a large new literature on war and humanitarian action. A small core group of scholars, international lawyers, and humanitarian practitioners has always written on the subject, but these writers have recently been joined by many more. In the past decade all these different disciplinary groups have found themselves attending conferences together, reading one another’s journals, and contributing alongside one another in edited volumes. In this process, the fundamental values of the humanitarian ethic, and the principles of its practical application, have been rediscovered, held up to the light, scrutinized, and dismissed or reaffirmed.

 

For more of Hugo Slim's publications, visit his website.

 

Slim, Hugo - Geneva's Future- Reflections on the role of a values-based city - 2007 Slim, Hugo - Geneva's Future- Reflections on the role of a values-based city - 2007

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Slim, Hugo - Geneva's Future- Reflections on the role of a values-based city - 2007

 Will the twenty-first century still find it useful to have an international city complete with international organizations and their civil servants? Perhaps, as Asia booms, Europe is no longer the right continent for such a city. Maybe, as so many of the world’s big cities become truly global metropolises, a small custom built international city will come to look strangely parochial and irrelevant. In the face of competition from Beijing, Mexico City, New York, Delhi, Brasilia, Moscow, Johannesburg and Kuala Lumpur, Geneva needs to make a strong case that it is still a good place to do international business.

 For more of Hugo Slim's publications, visit his website.

 

HD - Slim, Hugo - A Guide to Mediation - 2007 HD - Slim, Hugo - A Guide to Mediation - 2007

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Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD) - Slim, Hugo - A Guide to Mediation - 2007

 

The booklet was prepared after initial consultations with a small number of mediators  from HD Centre and other organisations as well as with peace process specialists. What follows, therefore, is offered modestly as a possible resource for other third party mediators, peace process specialists, diplomats and technical advisers from interested states, multi-lateral organisations and non-governmental organisations who seek to lead, or constructively support, a mediated peace process. The booklet describes the main aspects of a peace process and offers certain standards of good practice in the mediation and support of a peace process.

 

For more of Hugo Slim's publications, visit his website.

 

Bredeson, J - The CNN Effect-Mass Media and Humanitarian Action - 2011 Bredeson, J - The CNN Effect-Mass Media and Humanitarian Action - 2011

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 Bredeson, J - The CNN Effect-Mass Media and Humanitarian Action - 2011

Mass media have great power and great responsibility. The CNN Effect states that when news media broadcast emotionally driven stories of human crisis, this provokes a major response by domestic audiences and political elites. This power to influence public policy can help save people from danger and even death. Acts of massive genocide were committed in Rwanda and Darfur. Because the media failed to act quickly and report accurately on these situations, many people lost their lives due to slow international reaction. News media need to learn from these tragic mistakes and never let genocide go on unnoticed by those who have the power to stop it.

 

Joint Chiefs of Staff - Joint Doctrine for Military Operations other than War - 1995 Joint Chiefs of Staff - Joint Doctrine for Military Operations other than War - 1995

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 Joint Chiefs of Staff - Joint Doctrine for Military Operations other than War - 1995

This publication describes the basic tenets of military operations other than war (MOOTW) — from a general description of all types of operations to planning considerations necessary for effective execution. It serves as the springboard into a series of publications on tactics, techniques and procedures that provide additional detail on the more complex MOOTW. 

 

HD - Slim, Hugo - A Call to Alms- Humanitarian Action and the Art of War - 2004 HD - Slim, Hugo - A Call to Alms- Humanitarian Action and the Art of War - 2004

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Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD) - Slim, Hugo - A Call to Alms- Humanitarian Action and the Art of War - 2004

This personal opinion piece examines what humanitarian aid workers might be able to learn from the ancient Chinese military strategist Sun Tzu on global and political survival skills.

FMR - Civil-military relations in Afghanistan - 2002 FMR - Civil-military relations in Afghanistan - 2002

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 Forced Migration Review (FMR) - Morris, T. - Civil-military relations in Afghanistan - 2002 

Because of the two distinct foreign military forces operating in Afghanistan,tThere is a considerable degree of confusion both among the humanitarian community and the Afghan population over the various military forces present in Afghanistan, particularly with regard to their respective mandates and humanitarian support/liaison operations. Mr. Moore clears up confusion to improve the effectiveness of civil-miliary relations in Afghanistan.

 

HPG - Resetting the rules of engagement - 2005 HPG - Resetting the rules of engagement - 2005

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Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) - Wheeler, V.; Harmer, A. ; Holt V. - Resetting the rules of engagement: Trends and issues in military-humanitarian relations - 2005

This study, led by the Humanitarian Policy Group at ODI, reviews recent trends in military engagement in humanitarian crises. It assesses the drivers behind military involvement in natural and conflict related disasters, the opportunities and threats this presents for the humanitarian community, and issues that those in military community should be considering when developing their policy and operational approaches to engaging with the civilian assistance community. Research covers four areas in particular:

- Trends in military intervention in response to humanitarian crises;
- The increased mainstreaming of civil-military operations, as well as coordination and security issues arising from civil-military engagement; 
- Military roles and capacities in civilian protection; and,
- The growing involvement of private military firms in humanitarian action

 

Oxfam - Iraq_Humanitarian and Military Relations - 2003 Oxfam - Iraq_Humanitarian and Military Relations - 2003

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 Oxfam - Iraq:Humanitarian and Military Relations - 2003

Humanitarian aid is most effectively delivered by civilian humanitarian agencies under UN leadership. Military involvement can compromise the effective delivery of aid and lead to unintended consequences, potentially threatening the security of civilian aid workers. Any war in Iraq, however, may prove to be exceptional. Extreme insecurity may limit civilian agencies' ability to work. If there is an occupation, international law obliges occupying forces to ensure the supply of food and other necessities. Military forces must be prepared to provide aid if Iraq is too insecure for civilian agencies to operate. However, as soon as conditions allow, civilian agencies, under UN leadership, should provide that assistance.

IASC - Use of Military or Armed Escorts for Humanitarian Convoys - 2001 IASC - Use of Military or Armed Escorts for Humanitarian Convoys - 2001

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 Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) - Use of Military or Armed Escorts for Humanitarian Convoys - Discussion Paper and Non-Binding Guidelines - 2001

The following text was elaborated in collaboration with IASC member bodies, UNSECOORD, DPKO, academic reviewers and field colleagues in a number of organizations. Part I reviews the broader policy context. It concludes that, due to changes in the nature of conflict and in the nature of humanitarian assistance, military or armed escorts are, in a limited number of cases, necessary. In these cases, they should be used sparingly, and only in accordance with clear guidelines. Part II consists of two sets of non-binding guidelines: one on when escorts might be used, the other on how they might be used.

  

ICRC -  Increasing respect for international humanitarian law in non-int'l armed conflicts - 2008 ICRC - Increasing respect for international humanitarian law in non-int'l armed conflicts - 2008

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International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) -  Increasing respect for international humanitarian law in non-international armed conflicts - 2008

This publication aims to provide States and armed groups, as well as humanitarian and other actors working with parties to non-international armed conflicts with suggestions for ways in which the law could be better implemented. The publication outlines a range of legal tools and policy arguments that the ICRC, and others, have employed to increase respect for IHL.

ICRC - Children in war - 2009 ICRC - Children in war - 2009

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International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) - Children in war - 2009

This brochure examines the risks faced by children caught up in armed conflict, the steps taken by the ICRC to address their specific needs, and the rules of law defined to protect them.

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